Iberoamerican Journal of Medicine
https://iberoamjmed.com/article/doi/10.53986/ibjm.2022.0027
Iberoamerican Journal of Medicine
Editorial

Napoleon Bonaparte: An Emperor who died needing good surgical care

Napoleon Bonaparte: un emperador que murió necesitando buenos cuidados quirúrgicos

Kaushik Bhattacharya, Neela Bhattacharya

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References

1. Welling DR, Wolff BG, Dozois RR. Piles of defeat. Napoleon at Waterloo. Dis Colon Rectum. 1988;31(4):303-5. doi: 10.1007/BF02554365.
2. Villalba H, Abbas MA. Hemorrhoids: modern remedies for an ancient disease. Perm J. 2007;11(2):74-6. doi: 10.7812/tpp/06-156.
3. Hatzinger M, Stastny M, Haferkamp A. [Turning points in world history: urological comments on pathography of famous people: did Napoleon Bonaparte have a cystitis during the battle of Waterloo and was the battle lost because of that?]. Urologe A. 2011;50(3):343-7. doi: 10.1007/s00120-010-2503-5.
4. Di Costanzo J. Gastrointestinal diseases of Napoleon in Saint Helena: causes of death. Sci Prog. 2002;85(Pt 4):359-67. doi: 10.3184/003685002783238807.
5. Lugli A, Zlobec I, Singer G, Kopp Lugli A, Terracciano LM, Genta RM. Napoleon Bonaparte's gastric cancer: a clinicopathologic approach to staging, pathogenesis, and etiology. Nat Clin Pract Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2007;4(1):52-7. doi: 10.1038/ncpgasthep0684.
6. Courtney JF. A history and physical on Napoleon Bonaparte. Med Times. 1971 Feb;99(2):142-7.


Submitted date:
06/09/2022

Reviewed date:
07/05/2022

Accepted date:
07/10/2022

Publication date:
07/10/2022

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