Iberoamerican Journal of Medicine
https://iberoamjmed.com/article/doi/10.53986/ibjm.2022.0006
Iberoamerican Journal of Medicine
Original article

Platelet Count as Useful Indicator for Gram-Type of Bacteria Causing Urinary Tract Infection in Women

El recuento de plaquetas como indicador útil de bacterias tipo Gram que causan infecciones del tracto urinario en mujeres

Abdulaziz Dwaya, Abdurrazag Urayet, Mohamed B. Milad, Abdulhamid M. Alkout

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Abstract

Introduction: Urinary Tract infection (UTI) is considered as the most common infections disease among women. UTI may lead to a serious complication in both kidneys. In this study, we tried to determine whether the alternation in platelet count during UTI is related to specific Gram-type of bacteria causing the infection. This assists the medical staff in selection of suitable antimicrobial drug.
Material and Methods: Data of all urine cultures from Gynecology Department/ Albaraa Hospital/Tripoli processed at the Laboratory during a period of three years (2017 - 2019). All Data analysis and statistics were made with the SPSS software version 16 and performed with one-way ANOVA and a parametric test was used for categorical values and not normally distributed values.
Results: A growth was detected in 101 of 193 (52%) samples and 22 (11%) were mixed growth. Gram-negative bacteria identified in 57% (45/79) while 43% (34/79) occurred with Gram-positive bacteria. Regarding to platelets count alteration, it is revealed that there was a significant difference between cases infected by Gram-negative bacteria compared to others infected by Gram-positive bacteria and control group.
Conclusions: Results of the current study suggest that the change in platelet count during UTI is associated with causative bacteria’s Gram-type.

Keywords

Urinary tract infection; Women; Platelet count; Bacteria; Gram-type

Resumen

Introducción: La infección del tracto urinario (ITU) se considera la enfermedad infecciosa más común entre las mujeres. La ITU puede provocar una complicación grave en ambos riñones. En este estudio, intentamos determinar si la alternancia en el recuento de plaquetas durante la ITU está relacionada con el tipo específico de bacterias Gram que causan la infección. Esto ayuda al personal médico a seleccionar el fármaco antimicrobiano adecuado.
Material y Métodos: Datos de todos los urocultivos del Servicio de Ginecología del Hospital Albaraa (Trípoli), procesados en el Laboratorio durante un período de tres años (2017-2019). Todos los análisis de datos y estadísticas se realizaron con el software SPSS versión 16 y se realizaron con ANOVA de una vía y se utilizó una prueba paramétrica para valores categóricos y valores no distribuidos normalmente.
Resultados: Se detectó un crecimiento en 101 de 193 (52%) muestras y 22 (11%) fueron de crecimiento mixto. Las bacterias Gram negativas se identificaron en el 57% (45/79) mientras que el 43% (34/79) se presentaron con bacterias Gram positivas. En cuanto a la alteración del recuento de plaquetas, se revela que hubo una diferencia significativa entre los casos infectados por bacterias Gram negativas frente a otros infectados por bacterias Gram positivas y el grupo control.
Conclusiones: Los resultados del estudio actual sugieren que el cambio en el recuento de plaquetas durante la ITU está asociado con el tipo Gram de la bacteria causante.

Palabras clave

Infección del tracto urinario; Mujer; Recuento de plaquetas; Bacteria; Gram-tipo

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Submitted date:
10/23/2021

Reviewed date:
11/17/2021

Accepted date:
12/19/2021

Publication date:
12/20/2021

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