Iberoamerican Journal of Medicine
https://iberoamjmed.com/article/doi/10.53986/ibjm.2021.0049
Iberoamerican Journal of Medicine
Original article

Effectiveness of the Family and Friends CPR course in learning cardiopulmonary resuscitation in relatives of patients with high cardiovascular risk or who have suffered a cardiovascular event

Efectividad del curso de RCP Familiares y Amigos en el aprendizaje de la reanimación cardiopulmonar en familiares de pacientes con alto riesgo cardiovascular o que hayan sufrido un evento cardiovascular

Bruno Enzo Vargas-Sánchez, Miluska Madeleine Salazar-Arteaga, Aida Del Carmen Rotta-Rotta, Roy Germán Dueñas-Carbajal

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Abstract

Introduction: Early, high-quality cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) increases survival rates in cardiac arrest. Although most cases occur at home and are witnessed, CPR is performed in few of these cases. For this reason, teaching CPR is especially important in relatives of patients with high cardiovascular risk. Therefore, the aim of this study was to demonstrate the effectiveness of the Family and Friends CPR course in the theoretical and practical learning of cardiopulmonary resuscitation in relatives of patients with high cardiovascular risk or who have suffered a cardiovascular event.
Materials and methods: We carried out an analytical, quasi-experimental, prospective, before-and-after study. We selected 20 participants during outpatient consultation at the Cardiology Department of the Cayetano Heredia Hospital in Lima, Peru. A theoretical knowledge questionnaire and an adult CPR checklist were used to assess the level of theoretical and practical knowledge, respectively. The theoretical knowledge was measured at three points in time (before, immediately after and one month after the intervention) and the practical skills at two points in time (immediately after and a month after the intervention).
Results: The level of theoretical knowledge was low (8.64 ± 2.47) before the intervention, achieving a good level of knowledge immediately after (17.33 ± 2.02) and one month later (16.5 ± 1.91). Furthermore, the medians of the level of practical knowledge were 15 immediately after and one month later, showing that they maintained a good level of practical knowledge.
Conclusions: The Family and Friends CPR course was effective in the theoretical and practical learning of CPR in the studied population, and was sustained one month after the intervention.

Keywords

Cardiopulmonary resuscitation; Cardiac arrest; Learning; Relatives; Cardiovascular diseases

Resumen

Introducción: La reanimación cardiopulmonar (RCP) temprana y de alta calidad incrementa la tasa de supervivencia en el paro cardíaco. Si bien la mayoría de casos ocurre en el hogar y son presenciados por testigos, en pocos casos se inicia RCP. Por ello, resulta importante su enseñanza y especialmente en familiares de pacientes con alto riesgo cardiovascular. En consecuencia, el propósito de este estudio era demostrar la efectividad de la enseñanza del curso Familiares y Amigos RCP en el aprendizaje teórico y práctico de la reanimación cardiopulmonar en familiares de pacientes con alto riesgo cardiovascular o que han presentado un evento cardiovascular.
Materiales y métodos: Estudio de tipo analítico, cuasi experimental, prospectivo, de intervención antes y después. Se reclutaron 20 participantes durante la consulta externa del Servicio de Cardiología del Hospital Cayetano Heredia en Lima, Perú. Se utilizó un cuestionario de conocimientos teóricos y una lista de cotejo sobre RCP en adultos para evaluar el nivel de conocimiento teórico y práctico, respectivamente. La parte teórica fue medida en tres momentos (antes, inmediatamente después y un mes después de la intervención) y la parte práctica en dos momentos (inmediatamente después y un mes después de la intervención).
Resultados: El nivel de conocimiento teórico fue malo (8.64 ± 2.47) antes de la intervención, logrando un nivel de conocimiento bueno inmediatamente después (17.33 ± 2.02) y un mes después (16.5 ± 1.91). Además, las medianas del nivel de conocimiento práctico fueron de 15 inmediatamente después y un mes después, mostrando que mantuvieron un nivel de conocimiento práctico bueno.
Conclusiones: El curso Familiares y Amigos RCP fue efectivo en el aprendizaje teórico y práctico sobre RCP en la población estudiada, y se mantuvo un mes posterior a la intervención.

Palabras clave

Reanimación cardiopulmonar; Paro cardiaco; Aprendizaje; Familiares; Enfermedades cardiovasculares

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Submitted date:
06/12/2021

Reviewed date:
07/25/2021

Accepted date:
08/28/2021

Publication date:
10/03/2021

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