Iberoamerican Journal of Medicine
Iberoamerican Journal of Medicine
Original article

Traditional Beliefs in Postpartum Care among Indonesian and Filipino Mothers: A Comparative Study

Creencias tradicionales en la atención posparto entre madres indonesias y filipinas: un estudio comparativo

Marni Siregar, Hetty WA Panggabean, Joseph Peter B. Regondola, Sri Marasi Aritonang

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Introduction: This study was conducted to assess the traditional beliefs and practices in postpartum care among Indonesian and Filipino mothers to propose a program to improve maternal and child health.
Methods: The study utilized a descriptive research design to Indonesian mother respondents (n=110) and Filipino mother-respondents (n=119) who were conveniently selected. Traditional beliefs focused on technological factors, religious and philosophical factors, kinship and social factors, cultural values, beliefs, lifestyles, political and legal factors, economic factors, and educational factors were evaluated.
Results: On assessing the traditional beliefs in postpartum care, Indonesian mother respondents obtained an overall mean of 2.83 verbally interpreted as agree/true while Filipino mother-respondents yielded an overall mean of 2.99 verbally interpreted as agree/true. Statistical analysis showed a significant difference in the assessment of Indonesian and Filipino mother respondents on their traditional beliefs in postpartum care in terms of technological factors, kinship, and social factors, cultural values, and educational factors.
Conclusions: These findings indicate that traditional practices towards maternal care in the postpartum period are commonplace that have been practiced for generations in countries in Southeast Asia, especially Indonesia and the Philippines, although there are different traditional beliefs in postpartum care in aspects of technological factors, kinship and social factors, cultural values, beliefs, and like ways factors, and educational factors.


Traditional; Culture; Postnatal care; Cultural diversity; Indonesia; Philippines


Introducción: Este estudio se realizó para evaluar las creencias y prácticas tradicionales en la atención posparto entre madres indonesias y filipinas para proponer un programa para mejorar la salud maternoinfantil.
Métodos: El estudio utilizó un diseño de investigación descriptivo para las madres encuestadas indonesias (n=110) y las madres filipinas encuestadas (n=119) que fueron convenientemente seleccionadas. Creencias tradicionales enfocadas en factores tecnológicos, factores religiosos y filosóficos, factores sociales y de parentesco, valores culturales, creencias, estilos de vida, factores políticos y legales, factores económicos y factores educativos fueron evaluadas.
Resultados: Al evaluar las creencias tradicionales en la atención posparto, las madres indonesias encuestadas obtuvieron una media general de 2,83 interpretado verbalmente como de acuerdo / verdadero, mientras que las madres filipinas encuestadas arrojaron una media general de 2,99 interpretadas verbalmente como de acuerdo/verdadero. El análisis estadístico mostró una diferencia significativa en la evaluación de las madres encuestadas indonesias y filipinas sobre sus creencias tradicionales en la atención posparto en términos de factores tecnológicos, parentesco y factores sociales, valores culturales y factores educativos.
Conclusiones: Estos hallazgos indican que las prácticas tradicionales hacia el cuidado materno en el posparto son un lugar común que se ha practicado durante generaciones en países del sudeste asiático, especialmente Indonesia y Filipinas, aunque existen diferentes creencias tradicionales en el cuidado posparto en aspectos de factores tecnológicos, parentesco y factores sociales, valores culturales, creencias y factores de formas similares, y factores educativos.

Palabras clave

Tradicional; Cultura; Cuidados posnatales; Diversidad cultural; Indonesia; Filipinas


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