Iberoamerican Journal of Medicine
https://iberoamjmed.com/article/doi/10.5281/zenodo.4905174
Iberoamerican Journal of Medicine
Original article

Knowledge and attitudes of Saudi medical laboratory professionals concerning non-pathological factors influencing test results

Conocimientos y actitudes de los profesionales de los laboratorios médicos sauditas con respecto a factores no patológicos que influyen en los resultados de las pruebas

Mohammed Makkawi

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Abstract

Introduction: Successful medical decisions are highly reliant on medical laboratory results; as such, laboratory results are essential to patient health management, and errors in those results may lead to serious complications and death. The aim of the present study was to assess the knowledge of medical laboratory practitioners in Saudi Arabia regarding factors that may influence medical laboratory testing results and the correct actions for troubleshooting.
Methods: A total of 256 practitioners participated, representing diverse qualifications and various healthcare sectors. The study utilized a pretested questionnaire comprised of three sections: socio-demographic characteristics, knowledge, and attitudes.
Results: The responses demonstrated participants to possess outstanding knowledge of factors that may affect laboratory test results, including biological and pathological factors, diet, and personal habits. Furthermore, participants demonstrated satisfactory attitudes toward such factors.
Conclusions: Thus, this study reveals a magnificent image concerning Saudi practitioners’ knowledge and capacity for suitable actions given unexpected test results, and hence their ability to provide correct healthcare services. This constitutes an acceptable overview, particularly as a first pass; nonetheless, more studies on larger cohorts remain required.

Keywords

Knowledge; Attitudes; Medical laboratory professionals; Non-pathological factors

Resumen

Introducción: Las decisiones médicas acertadas dependen en gran medida de los resultados de los laboratorios médicos; como tal, los resultados de laboratorio son esenciales para el manejo de la salud del paciente y, los errores en esos resultados, pueden provocar complicaciones graves y la muerte. El objetivo del presente estudio fue evaluar el conocimiento de los médicos de laboratorio en Arabia Saudita sobre los factores que pueden influir en los resultados de las pruebas de laboratorio médico y las acciones correctas para la resolución de problemas.
Métodos: Participaron un total de 256 profesionales, representantes de diversas titulaciones y diversos sectores de la salud. El estudio utilizó un cuestionario previamente probado que consta de tres secciones: características sociodemográficas, conocimientos y actitudes.
Resultados: Las respuestas demostraron que los participantes poseen un conocimiento sobresaliente de los factores que pueden afectar los resultados de las pruebas de laboratorio, incluidos los factores biológicos y patológicos, la dieta y los hábitos personales. Además, los participantes demostraron actitudes satisfactorias hacia dichos factores.
Conclusiones: Por lo tanto, este estudio revela una imagen magnífica sobre el conocimiento y la capacidad de los médicos sauditas para realizar acciones adecuadas dados los resultados inesperados de las pruebas y, por lo tanto, su capacidad para proporcionar servicios de salud correctos. Esto constituye una visión general aceptable, particularmente como primer paso; no obstante, siguen siendo necesarios más estudios sobre cohortes más grandes.

Palabras clave

Conocimiento; Actitudes; Profesionales de laboratorio médico; Factores no patológicos

References

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Submitted date:
05/16/2021

Reviewed date:
05/26/2021

Accepted date:
06/05/2021

Publication date:
06/06/2021

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