Iberoamerican Journal of Medicine
Iberoamerican Journal of Medicine
Original article

Machine learning approach for confirmation of COVID-19 cases: positive, negative, death and release

Shawni Dutta, Samir Kumar Bandyopadhyay

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Introduction: Corona Virus Infectious Disease (COVID-19) is the infectious disease. The COVID-19 disease came to earth in early 2019. It is expanding exponentially throughout the world and affected an enormous number of human beings starting from the last month. The World Health Organization (WHO) on March 11, 2020 declared COVID-19 was characterized as “Pandemic”. This paper proposed approach for confirmation of COVID-19 cases after the diagnosis of doctors. The objective of this study uses machine learning method to evaluate how much predicted results are close to original data related to Confirmed-Negative-Released-Death cases of COVID-19.
Materials and methods: For this purpose, a verification method is proposed in this paper that uses the concept of Deep-learning Neural Network. In this framework, Long shrt-term memory (LSTM) and Gated Recurrent Unit (GRU) are also assimilated finally for training the dataset. The prediction results are tally with the results predicted by clinical doctors.
Results: The results are obtained from the proposed method with accuracy 87 % for the “confirmed Cases”, 67.8 % for “Negative Cases”, 62% for “Deceased Case” and 40.5 % for “Released Case”. Another important parameter i.e. RMSE shows 30.15% for Confirmed Case, 49.4 % for Negative Cases, 4.16 % for Deceased Case and 13.72 % for Released Case.
Conclusions: The outbreak of Coronavirus has the nature of exponential growth and so it is difficult to control with limited clinical persons for handling a huge number of patients within a reasonable time. So it is necessary to build an automated model, based on machine learning approach, for corrective measure after the decision of clinical doctors.


Machine learning; LSTM; GRU; RNN; COVID-19


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